A Carbon-Based Industry, But No Greenhouse Gases

Carbon Trifecta is an initiative that has a very innovative approach to bringing down the level of excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Instead of sequestering it in geological vaults, it wants to strip the carbon from the carbon dioxide and make graphene from it. That graphene will become the building block of manufacturing a wide range of objects, from buildings to cars to clothing.

This could pave the way for a fourth industrial revolution, fueled by carbon, but without adding more carbon to the air.

The Rise Of The Sea (And The Land)

When you fill a bathtub, the water rises at the same rate to the same height in every corner. But that’s not the way it works with our rising seas. If you live in New York, the ocean is not only rising, but in the future, it’s going to rise more than the global average. But if you live in Scandinavia, it’s falling.

Why are there regional differences in the sea level? That’s because (the solid) Earth itself is a mover and shaker.

The tectonic plates of Earth’s crust float on a fluid layer called the mantle, much like a wafer on a very thick pudding. If you were to put a strawberry on top of that wafer, its weight would make the wafer sink into the pudding. In the same way, heavy weights on Earth’s crust push it down into the mantle, which flows away only to bulge out elsewhere.

During the last ice age, the North American tectonic plate wasn’t evenly loaded: ice sheets sat on what’s now Canada and Greenland, while most of today’s U.S. remained ice-free. This load depressed the bedrock under Canada and buoyed up the one under the U.S.

As the ice receded and the northern side of the depressed crust began to slowly rebound, lifting upward at a glacial pace, the U.S. side began to sink like the downhill end of a seesaw. So, the East Coast will face a greater submergence than other places.

Also: In places like Antarctica, the ice sheet has a strong gravitational pull that presently swells the local sea level. Once it melts, the water level will go down and the land will emerge.

India Could Become Too Hot To Live

The past June, Delhi hit 120 degrees Fahrenheit. Since 2010, there’s been a 2,200 percent increase in heat waves in northern India. With time, they’ll only get more furious.

F.Y.I., The Indian government declares a heat wave, when the temperature reaches, at least, 8.1 degrees Fahrenheit above the “normal” for that area for a couple of days in a row. For the capital, that number is 113 degrees Fahrenheit. A heat wave escalates to “severe,” when temperatures climb to 11.5 degrees Fahrenheit) above the “normal” for a region.

If this trend continues, by 2100, nearly all parts of South Asia will become too hot for human survival.